Invasion or intestinal obstruction in young children

Invasion or intestinal obstruction in young children

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Intestinal invagination is a serious health problem in children. It is characterized by telescoping (penetrating) a piece of intestine into another subacenta (immediately below it). It is a less common situation, when the intestinal tube folds like a radio antenna, making a local obstruction. It is a medical condition that must be reported immediately to the doctor!

What are the causes of this condition?

Doctors have not yet been able to determine the causes of this anomaly. Moreover, many believe that there is no particular cause for this to happen. In some cases, it has been found that a benign growth within the intestinal wall may be to blame, but in most cases, the cause is not identified.

What are the symptoms of intestinal invagination?

The most obvious symptoms are:

  • vomiting;

  • abdominal pain.

Abdominal pain is intermittent, in the form of severe, sudden cramps, in an otherwise healthy child. Vomiting is quite abundant and frequent, in some cases pain predominates, in others vomiting. The cramps appear within minutes, during which time the child can feel quite well.

Many parents have difficulty figuring out if a baby of just a few months old suffers from common colic or the symptoms of such a condition. But you must know that during a wave of pain caused by the invagination, the child will cry intensely and tighten his feet to the chest, and between spasms it will appear normal. Unlike colic, the waves of pain are more intense and more frequent and most likely accompanied by vomiting.

After several hours (in which the stools may be normal or diarrhea), fecal matter with mucus and blood is removed. The age at which the intestinal invagination occurs most frequently is between 4 months - 2 years, but it can occur at any time outside this period.

How is intestinal invagination treated in children?

This is a medical condition that requires emergency treatment. The doctor should be contacted immediately.

Sometimes intestinal obstruction can occur when a portion of the intestine is constricted in a small space in the abdomen, which can most often be a groin hernia. There are usually very painful abdominal vomiting and cramps.

The doctor will confirm the diagnosis by a special test using X-rays or by an ultrasound scan or a CT scan.

The child will be taken to a radiologist who will try to push back with an air or barium enema. The baby is immobilized during the procedure, he will feel some cramps, but the procedure is safe and fast.

If an enema is not possible (for example, if the intestine is perforated) or if it does not give the expected results, then the child will undergo surgery to remove the blockage.

Because the condition often recurs shortly after surgery, the baby will need to be hospitalized in order to be monitored closely. He will be discharged when eating and having normal chairs.

Intestinal invagination is a pretty scary condition, but when it is discovered early, the baby can recover almost 100%.